Today, however, we are witnessing an increasingly consistent entry of private individuals into the world of space and the birth of a sector among the most dynamic and promising: that of the “new space economy“, a phenomenon that largely coincides with the ‘privatization’ of space. Initially an object of interest for the public scientific and military sector, it is now subject to an ambitious intervention by private investors and the entry of venture capital, a great innovation compared to the past. Among the most ambitious entrepreneurs in the world are certainly Elon Musk, co-founder and head of Tesla, SpaceX, Neuralink and founder of Space X (launch of large satellites, with human flight intentions), Jeff Bezos owner of Amazon and founder of Blue Origin (large rockets, in perspective with crew) and Richard Branson, prophet of space tourism with Virgin Galactic. But even the big four, namely Google, Amazon, Facebook and Apple, are investing more and more in the industry.
The “new space economy” includes several economic sectors related to exploration and everything related to technologies, applications, products and services that arise from the space field and that can have different uses in everyday life. Generally the spatial economy is divided into three segments: upstream, midstream and downstream.
Upstream refers to the “space” business: satellites, manufacturing and building components for satellites, launchers, and other spacecraft.
The midstream, instead, is the set of all the functional infrastructures to reach it: launch platforms, control centers and so on.